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Hot Topic - Mesh Disaster
Medical language is filled with abbrevations and long complex names. Here's a list to assist you with reading and understanding medical reports and information that you find about mesh.
undesirable, unfavourable or harmful result
sourced from the patient’s own body
an operation to lift the bladder neck into the correct position to prevent urine leaking.
First developed by a surgeon called Burch.
insertion of a slender tube through the urethra into the bladder to allow urine drainage.
Clean Intermittent Self-Catheterisation
a line graph that records urinary bladder pressure at various volumes
‘dropped bladder’, herniation or bulging of the bladder into the vagina
viewing the bladder with an instrument called a cystoscope to check for abnormalities
part of urethra furthest away from bladder neck
pain occurring during sexual intercourse
pain with or difficulty urinating
the wearing away of tissue
cutting out, removal
removal of something implanted in the body
Food and Drug Administration: agency in US responsible for ensuring that foods, drugs,
vaccines and medical devices are safe and effective
large flat cells in connective tissue that produce collagen and elastic fibres
a thickening and scarring of connective tissue usually following injury, infection, or surgery
presence of red blood cells in the urine
something inserted in the tissues or organs of the body during a surgical procedure
inside the bladder
involuntary contractions of muscles in the bladder, which can cause lack of urinary control.
Intrinsic Sphincter Deficiency: weakening of the urethra sphincter muscles which causes the
sphincter not to function normally regardless of the position of the bladder neck or urethra.
A cause of stress urinary incontinence.
key hole surgery involving small incisions which allow special camera and instruments to be
introduced. less invasive and requiring a shorter recovery period than open surgery.
a tool or machine designed to perform a task or job
having both stress and urge incontinence
presence or frequency of disease
Magnetic Resonance Imaging – used to view inside body. Produces detailed images of
organs and structures inside body.
overactive bladder: involuntary bladder muscle contractions
during the bladder filling phase which the patient cannot suppress
making a hole or piercing something
pelvic floor muscle training – or pelvic floor exercises, kegel exercises. Used to improve pelvic
muscle tone and prevent leakage in those with stress urinary incontinence.
a type of plastic, made from petroleum products. Brand names include: ‘prolene’
pelvic organ prolapse (see below)
slippage or falling away of organ from proper or usual place in the body
part of urethra nearest the bladder neck
Post Void Residual: the amount of urine left in your bladder after emptying it normally – can be
measured using scanner (ultrasound) or catheter drainage
excessive white blood cells in the urine – usually an indication of kidney or urinary tract
Randomised Control Trial
a herniation or bulging of the rectum into the vagina
surgical removal of something
supportive strap, loop or hammock made either of tissue obtained from the patient or a synthetic material
ring of muscle fibres located around urethra which control passage of urine
narrowing of a channel eg urethra
under the urethra
Stress Urinary Incontinence: caused by urethral hypermobility and/or intrinsic sphincter deficiency – involuntary
loss of urine during periods of increased abdominal pressure eg when laughing, sneezing, coughing or lifting
made by chemical processes and not occurring naturally
dividing the tape by cutting across it
cutting across something, dividing
sharply pointed steel rod (like huge needle) inserted into the body which leads the way for the mesh implant and
is then removed once implant in place
Tension-Free Vaginal Tape: a medical device consisting of a long slim mesh strip made of woven polypropylene
fibres intended to support the urethra during moments of increased abdominal pressure. Intended to be a
Urge Incontinence: the involuntary loss of urine associated with a sudden and strong urge to urinate
one of a pair of narrow tubes carrying urine from the kidneys to the bladder
the narrow tube or pipe that carries urine from the bladder out of the body
a pouch in the lining of the mucous membrane of the urethra
neck and so the bladder neck drops when any downward pressure is applied, causing involuntary leakage. A
cause of stress incontinence.
narrowing of the urethra
strong desire to empty bladder
Urinary Incontinence – uncontrolled loss of urine
Tests to determine the function of the urinary bladder, urethral sphincter, and pelvic floor muscles
study of the urinary tract in both genders, (in the male it includes the genital tract or reproductive system)
Urinary Tract Infection. Often caused by bacteria such as e coli. a urinary tract infection may cause frequent
urination, pain, burning when urinating, and blood in the urine.
difficulties in emptying the bladder eg incomplete emptying, slow flow