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Medical language is filled with abbrevations and long complex names.  Here's a list to assist you with reading and understanding medical reports and information that you find about mesh.    (Shared with approval and thanks.)

adverse event
undesirable, unfavourable or harmful result

autologous    
sourced from the patient’s own body

Burch colposuspension
 an operation to lift the bladder neck into the correct position to prevent urine leaking.             
First developed by a surgeon called Burch.

calculi                           
stones

catheterisation               
insertion of a slender tube through the urethra into the bladder to allow urine drainage.

CISC    
Clean Intermittent Self-Catheterisation

CMG    cystometrogram          
a line graph that records urinary bladder pressure at various volumes

cystocele                           
‘dropped bladder’, herniation or bulging of the bladder  into the vagina

cystoscopy                           
viewing the bladder with an instrument called a cystoscope to check for abnormalities

de novo                           
new, beginning

detrusor muscle              
bladder muscle

distal urethra            
part of urethra furthest away from bladder neck

dyspareunia                        
pain occurring during sexual intercourse

dysuria                         
pain with or difficulty urinating

erosion                         
the wearing away of tissue

excision                          
cutting out, removal

explantation                        
removal of something implanted in the body

FDA                      
Food and Drug Administration: agency in US responsible for ensuring that foods, drugs, 
vaccines and medical devices are safe and effective

fibroblasts                     
large flat cells in connective tissue that produce collagen and elastic fibres

fibrosis                        
a thickening and scarring of connective tissue usually following injury, infection, or surgery

haematuria                       
presence of red blood cells in the urine

implant    
something inserted in the tissues or organs of the body during a surgical procedure

intravesical    
inside the bladder

irritable bladder          
involuntary contractions of muscles in the bladder, which can cause lack of urinary control.

ISD     
Intrinsic Sphincter Deficiency:  weakening of the urethra sphincter muscles which causes the 
sphincter not to function normally regardless of the position of the bladder neck or urethra.                  
A cause of stress urinary incontinence.

laparoscopy                     
key hole surgery involving small incisions which allow special camera and instruments to be 
introduced.  less invasive and requiring a shorter recovery period than open surgery.

lysis                
destruction

medical device        
a tool or machine designed to perform a task or job

mixed incontinence         
having both stress and urge incontinence

morbidities                    
presence or frequency of disease

MRI           
Magnetic Resonance Imaging – used to view inside body.  Produces detailed images of    
organs and structures inside body.

OAB                                
overactive bladder:  involuntary bladder muscle contractions 
during the bladder filling phase which the patient cannot suppress

perforation
making a hole or piercing something

PFMT                               
pelvic floor muscle training – or pelvic floor exercises, kegel exercises.  Used to improve pelvic 
muscle tone and prevent leakage in those with stress urinary incontinence.

polypropylene        
 a type of plastic, made from petroleum products.   Brand names include: ‘prolene’

POP                                 
pelvic organ prolapse (see below)

prolapse                     
slippage or falling away of organ from proper or usual place in the body

proximal urethra         
part of urethra nearest the bladder neck

PVR          
Post Void Residual: the amount of urine left in your bladder after emptying it normally – can be  
measured using scanner (ultrasound) or catheter drainage

pyuria    
excessive white blood cells in the urine – usually an indication of kidney or urinary tract                      
infection.

RCT      
Randomised Control Trial

rectocele       
a herniation or bulging of the rectum into the vagina

resection    
surgical removal of something

sling       
supportive strap, loop or hammock made either of tissue obtained from the patient or a synthetic material

sphincter
ring of muscle fibres located around urethra which control passage of urine

stricture    
narrowing of a channel eg urethra

sub-urethral       
 under the urethra

SUI     
Stress Urinary Incontinence:  caused by urethral hypermobility and/or intrinsic sphincter deficiency – involuntary   
loss of urine during periods of increased abdominal pressure eg when laughing, sneezing, coughing or lifting  
heavy objects

synthetic    
made by chemical processes and not occurring naturally

tape division    
dividing the tape by cutting across it

transection    
cutting across something, dividing

trocars    
sharply pointed steel rod (like huge needle) inserted into the body which leads the way for the mesh implant and  
is then removed once implant in place

TVT    
Tension-Free Vaginal Tape: a medical device consisting of a long slim mesh strip made of woven polypropylene      
fibres intended to support the urethra during moments of increased abdominal pressure.  Intended to be a 
permanent implant.

UI    
Urge Incontinence:  the involuntary loss of urine associated with a sudden and strong urge to urinate

ureter    
one of a pair of narrow tubes carrying urine from the kidneys to the bladder

urethra    
the narrow tube or pipe that carries urine from the bladder out of the body

urethral diverticulum    
 a pouch in the lining of the mucous membrane of the urethra

urethral hypermobility    
neck and so the bladder neck drops when any downward pressure is applied, causing involuntary leakage.  A 
cause of stress incontinence.

urethral stricture    
 narrowing of the urethra

urge/urgency    
strong desire to empty bladder

UI    
Urinary Incontinence – uncontrolled loss of urine

urodynamics
Tests to determine the function of the urinary bladder, urethral sphincter, and pelvic floor muscles

urology    
study of the urinary tract in both genders, (in the male it includes the genital tract or reproductive system)

UTI    
Urinary Tract Infection.  Often caused by bacteria such as e coli. a urinary tract infection may cause frequent 
urination, pain, burning when urinating, and blood in the urine.

voiding dysfunction    
difficulties in emptying the bladder eg incomplete emptying, slow flow etc